diarrhoea kyo hota hai हु
Diarrhoeal disease form a group of intestinal infections, including food poisoning. The main symptoms of all such infections is diarrhoea Diarrhoea is an abnormally frequent discharge of semisolul or fluid farc Other symptoms of diarrhoeal disease include decreased appetite. nausea, vomiting borborygmus fie.. gurgling noise produced by movement of gas in the alimentary canal) and abdominal cramps There may be blood and mucus in the stools. Persistent vomiting and loose stools cause dehydration and shock Blood pressure may fall pulse rate increases and temperature rise Diarrhoea is one of the major causes of intant mortality in india
The diarrhoea spreads through infection through contaminated food, water, drinks, hands, clothes, bed sheets and utensils The causative agents of diarrhoea are mainly bacteria such as Escherichia coli, Clostridium botulinem, Shoella dysentiriae, Campylobacter jejuri and Salmonella (Box 5.10) The protozoans (Entamoebu histolytica, Giardia intestinals and Balantidam colf some viruses (Rotavirus, Enterovirus, Adenovirus and Norwalk) and nematodes (Asorris) also act as causative agents of diarrhoea
Symptoms. 1. Frequent loose motions and vomiting which lead to dehydration.
2. Dehydration (loss of water from body tissues) which makes the patient dangerously ill in a very short time Most of the infant deaths due to diarrhoea can be prevented by making sure that dehydration does not take place through stools and vomiting
3. In cases of dehydration, the patient becomes irritable, eyes appear sunken, nose is pinched and the tongue and the inner side of cheeks appear dry There is sudden weight loss, weak pulse, deep breathing and fever or fits..